Paint, Oil-Based/Stain/Spray

House renovation

Common hazardous ingredients

Alkyl resin, kerosene, lead, lithopone, mercury, methylene choride, methyl ethyl ketone, mineral spirits, toluene, trichoroethane, xylene.

Look for these key words on paint labels to help determine if the paint is oil-based or water-based:

water-based paint: “clean up with soap and water,” “latex”
oil-based paint: “clean up with mineral spirits,” “contains petroleum distillates,” “combustible: keep away from heat and flame,” “harmful or fatal if swallowed”


Potential hazards

  • Flammable; toxic;

  • Irritant to skin, eyes and lungs.

  • Air pollutant.

  • Toxic fumes can accumulate in closed spaces and areas with poor ventilation.

  • Methylene chloride is a suspected carcinogen.

Best Use Practices

  • Determine the amount of paint or finish you need for the job and buy only that amount.

  • Work in a well-ventilated area away from flames or sparks.

  • Wear nitrile gloves. *

  • Apply paints by brush or roller rather than by spraying.


  • Store in a secure area away from children, pets or heat sources.


  • Store in a secure area away from children, pets or heat sources.

* What's the difference between nitrile and latex gloves?
Latex gloves are made of natural rubber that fits comfortably and protects from viruses and bacteria. Nitrile gloves are made of synthetic rubber that resists punctures and harsh cleaning chemicals but impedes range of motion.

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